ISO 27001 Audit Controls

December 7, 2020by admin0

What are the ISO 27001 Audit Controls?

The documentation for ISO 27001 breaks down the best practices into 14 separate controls. Certification audits will cover controls from each one during compliance checks. Here is a brief summary of each part of the standard and how it will translate to a real-life audit:

1. Information Security Policies – covers how policies should be written in the ISMS and reviewed for compliance. Auditors will be looking to see how your procedures are documented and reviewed on a regular basis.

2. Organization of Information Security – describes what parts of an organization should be responsible for what tasks and actions. Auditors will expect to see a clear organizational chart with high-level responsibilities based on role.

3. Human Resource Security – covers how employees should be informed about cybersecurity when starting, leaving, or changing positions. Auditors will want to see clearly defined procedures for onboarding and offboarding when it comes to information security.

4. Asset Management – describes the processes involved in managing data assets and how they should be protected and secured. Auditors will check to see how your organization keeps track of hardware, software, and databases. Evidence should include any common tools or methods you use to ensure data integrity.

5. Access Control – provides guidance on how employee access should be limited to different types of data. Auditors will need to be given a detailed explanation of how access privileges are set and who is responsible for maintaining them.

6. Cryptography – covers best practices in encryption. Auditors will look for parts of your system that handle sensitive data and the type of encryption used such as DES, RSA, or AES.

7. Physical and Environmental Security – describes the processes for securing buildings and internal equipment. Auditors will check for any vulnerabilities on the physical site, including how access is permitted to offices and data centers.

8. Operations Security – provides guidance on how to collect and store data securely, a process that has taken on new urgency thanks to the passage of the GDPR in 2018. Auditors will ask to see evidence of data flows and explanations for where information is stored.

9. Communications Security – covers security of all transmissions within an organization’s network. Auditors will expect to see an overview of what communication systems are used, such as email or videoconferencing, and how their data is kept secure.

10. System Acquisition, Development and Maintenance – details the processes for managing systems in a secure environment. Auditors will want evidence that any new systems introduced to the organization are kept to high standards of security.

11. Supplier Relationships – covers how an organization should interact with third parties while ensuring security. Auditors will review any contracts with outside entities who may have access to sensitive data.

12. Information Security Incident Management – describes the best practices for how to respond to security issues. Auditors may ask to run a fire drill to see how incident management is handled within the organization.

13. Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity Management – covers how business disruptions and major changes should be handled. Auditors may pose a series of theoretical disruptions and will expect the ISMS to cover the necessary steps to recover from them.

14. Compliance – identifies what government or industry regulations are relevant to the organization. Auditors will want to see evidence of full compliance for any area where the business is operating.

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